CRIS Adult Projects

Adult cancer
Multiple Myeloma Project (ICR)

Multiple Myeloma Project (ICR)

  Project: Resistance to treatments for Multiple Myeloma  Institution: Institute of Cancer Research, London (UK)  Researcher: Dr. Charlotte Pawlyn  What is this project about?   This research project aims to define a profile of multiple myeloma patients likely to develop resistance to myeloma treatments, study reasons why such resistance occurs and develop useful therapeutic strategies to overcome this.    What is multiple myeloma?    Multiple myeloma is a cancer that begins in

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CAR T-Cell Immunotherapy in thoracic tumours

CAR T-Cell Immunotherapy in thoracic tumours

Principal Investigator: Dr Astero Klampatsa Centre:Institute of Cancer Research, London (United Kingdom) Background:   Mesothelioma is a type of thoracic tumour that occurs in the mesothelium. This is the cell layer that covers several of the organs contained in the thoracic cavity. We now know that one of its main causes is exposure to asbestos (also called amianthus). Although asbestos now appears to be a thing of the past, a large number of people

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CRIS Immunotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer Project

CRIS Immunotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer Project

Principal Investigator: Dr. Alan Melcher, Prof. Kevin Harrington Centre: Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) and The Royal Marsden Hospital, London Introduction:   Head and neck cancer is a very common type of tumour (550,000 cases a year worldwide and 12,238 in the UK). Despite being common, mortality rates are still high (380,000 deaths a year worldwide and more than 4,000 in the

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CRIS Multiple Myeloma project

CRIS Multiple Myeloma project

Researcher: Dr. Bruno Paiva Center: : Clínica Universidad de Navarra Introduction:  Multiple myeloma is the second most common blood cancer. It has extremely high mortality rates and there is still no cure for it.  Myeloma, like other blood diseases, goes through a benign stage called Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS) which, in most cases, does not progress to serious disease. However,

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CRIS Breast Cancer metastasis project

CRIS Breast Cancer metastasis project

Researcher: Dra. María Casanova Center: CNIO, Madrid Introduction:  At present, there are no adequate treatments for triple negative breast cancer, an extremely aggressive cancer with high mortality rates. One of the most significant complications of this cancer is that 60% of patients develop metastases, the causes of which remain largely unknown.  Advances in understanding the immune system have enabled the following to be identified: a highly varied and heterogeneous group of tumour cells (called myeloid cells), which occasionally behave abnormally, stop rejection of the tumour and may have a crucial function in the

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CRIS Acute myeloid Leukaemia project

CRIS Acute myeloid Leukaemia project

Researcher: Dr. Alejo Rodríguez-Fraticelli Center: : Institut de Recerca Biològica IRB, Barcelona Introduction:  One in 50-100 people will develop leukaemia within their lifetime. Although cure rates are high for many types of leukaemia, there is no effective treatment for Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML). Despite decades of research, no treatment is ultimately effective.  One cause of this is that, as they become treatment-resistant, these tumours

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CRIS Prostate cancer metastasis project

CRIS Prostate cancer metastasis project

Researcher: Dra. Isabel Mendizábal Center: CIC bioGUNE, Bilbao Introduction Advanced prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in males. Generally, the cause of death in these patients is the onset of metastases, against which treatments tend not to be very effective.  Understanding the mechanisms of metastasis, however, is complex. The tumours are not homogeneous, not all tumour cells are

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CRIS Radioimmunotherapy project

CRIS Radioimmunotherapy project

Researcher: Dra. María Esperanza Rodríguez Ruiz Center: Clinica Universidad de Navarra   Introduction: There are around 35,100 lung cancer deaths in the UK every year, that’s 96 every day. Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in the UK, accounting for 21% of all cancer deaths.   Despite advances in the treatment of

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CRIS Poject on prostate cancer evolution

CRIS Poject on prostate cancer evolution

Principal Researcher Dr. Joaquin Mateo Center: Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO) Introduction:  Despite advances in prostate cancer treatment, metastatic prostate cancer remains a fatal disease. Over the last few years, huge work has gone into discovering therapies directed specifically at some targets in these cells. There are, however, few available options.  One such option is PARP inhibitors. It has recently been discovered that numerous patients with metastatic prostate cancer have mutations in the different mechanisms that repair the DNA. This causes the cells to accumulate more mutations, which they cannot repair and they increasingly become

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Immunotherapy imaging project

Immunotherapy imaging project

Researcher: Dra. Raquel Pérez López Center: : Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona Introduction:   Cancer immunotherapy has brought about a radical change in the way in which many types of cancer are treated. However, although has fantastic results in some patients, in a significant percentage such therapies are ineffective. Knowing which patients have a greater or lesser chance of responding is one of the biggest challenges of modern medicine: it

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